The foetus starts to accumulate fatty tissue beneath its skin. This will help regulate body temperature and give it an increasingly babylike appearance. Movement increases and movements become increasingly coordinated. Facial features are developing. For the mother, acute pregnancy symptoms disappear in this period but dizziness, problems with sleeping, etc. can now start.
By the end of this month the baby below your heart will be roughly the size of a banana and weigh around 300 g. Fatty tissue begins to accumulate beneath the skin, supplying the foetus with energy and conserving warmth. Glands in the skin begin to produce a sticky substance called vernix that prevents it from becoming waterlogged by amniotic fluid. The foetus has entered its most active phase and has started to move a lot – kicking, twisting, pushing. The eyebrows and eyelashes are already visible on the face, and hair is growing on the head, although this will undergo big changes after the baby is born. Development of the five senses has begun: touch, hearing, smell, sight and taste.
The second trimester is often accompanied by a fall in blood pressure, so you may occasionally feel dizzy – particularly if you stand up too quickly from lying down. It is therefore a good idea to be extra careful when getting up to go to the bathroom at night. During the day try and choose more stable, comfortable shoes. It is also a time to be careful about your sleeping position – doctors recommend not sleeping on your back until the end of your pregnancy. You may also feel a pain in the left or right of your pelvic region – a sign that the uterus is getting heavier and that your ligaments are loosening. Continue to pay attention to a healthy diet and make sure you are getting enough iron.
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As a result of the increased oestrogen in your body, which accelerates blood circulation and can cause inflammation of the mucous membrane in the nose (rhinitis), you may feel as though you have a cold that you can't shake off. It may also happen that you start snoring at night for the first time in your life. You can resolve the latter problem by sleeping on your side or with a slightly raised pillow. Increased oestrogen can also be responsible for an increasingly frequent feeling of heartburn, so avoid heavy food for at least three hours before going to sleep.